The first decade of the 21st century: A Backlash for Inclusion in Norwegian Schools?


  • Kari Nes Hedmark University College, Hamar


Inclusive education, Norway, threats to inclusion, exclusionary mechanisms


The article shows how inclusive education formally is in place in Norway, but also how formal rights may conceal a different reality. Students are hardly ever excluded from education, but quite a few risk exposure to exclusionary mechanisms within the common education. After briefly presenting the Norwegian context, threats to inclusion are discussed, particularly within special education. A case story introduces the account.


  • Kari Nes, Hedmark University College, Hamar
    Associate Professor of EducationKari Nes has been working in teacher education in Norway for more than 15 years, at present tied to a master’s program in education focusing ‘adapted education’ (inclusion) in one school for all. Issues of special education and multicultural education are combined in the program. She has also taken part in developing a European Masters of Inclusive Education (EUMIE) (2005). Main field of research is inclusive education, where she has been publishing nationally and internationally. Kari Nes is trained as a general and special teacher as well as a social scientist. Previous work experience includes special education and special education consultation in various settings and for various groups.








Nes, K. (2010). The first decade of the 21st century: A Backlash for Inclusion in Norwegian Schools?. Zeitschrift für Inklusion, 4(2).